Journal of Otolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery Category: Clinical Type: Short Comment
Ear Symptoms and Malocclusion
- Kengo Torii1*
- 1 Department Of Comprehensive Dental Care Unit, School Of Life Dentistry, Nippon Dental University, Tokyo, Japan
*Corresponding Author:Kengo Torii
Department Of Comprehensive Dental Care Unit, School Of Life Dentistry, Nippon Dental University, Tokyo, Japan
Received Date: Apr 26, 2019 Accepted Date: May 02, 2019 Published Date: May 09, 2019
Since Dr. Myrhaug described the relationship between ear symptoms and bite anomalies , we have reported some cases of aural symptoms related to dental occlusion [2,3-5]. He didn’t describe the detail about the bite anomalies, because he wasn’t a dental practitioner, but medical.
First of all, we reported tinnitus related to occlusal discrepancy . The occlusal discrepancy means that habitual occlusal position isn’t coincident with muscular position. The habitual occlusal position is obtained by voluntary jaw closing while in an upright position. The muscular position is obtained during voluntary jaw closing, while in an upright position and after wearing an anterior bite plate for a short period of time .These reported tinnitus cases were all unilateral symptoms. This means that unilateral deviation of the mandible might cause the tension of the masticatory muscles and the tension in turn might cause tinnitus with the spasmodic synkinesis of the tensor tympani and the stapedius . Secondly, we reported two vertigo cases diagnosed as having Ménière’s disease [3,4]. In these cases, a semi rotatory shift from the muscular position to the habitual position was found which is frequent, short and cyclically repeated in mastication, would be recognized as the rotatory movement and would cause nystagmus, thereby giving the patient had an illusion of rotation and resulting in vertigo. Finally, we reported a case of sudden deafness . In this case, the strong tension of masticatory muscles induced with the occlusal discrepancy between the habitual occlusal position and the muscular position might cause the tensor tympani and the stapedius tension which might restrict the movement of auditory ossicles, causing low-frequency hearing loss. Moreover, the tensor tympani tension might cause the contraction of the semicanalismusculitensoris tympani that resulted in ear fullness.
Dr. Myrhaug described that the issue is an oto-dental syndrome which demands close co-operation between medical and dental practitioners 
- Myrhaug H (1964) The incidence of ear symptoms in cases of malocclusion and temporo-mandibulr joint disturbances. Br JOral Surg 2: 28-32.
- Torii K (2011) Tinnitus and temporomandibular disorders: In: Fayez B Jr (eds.). Up to Date on Tinnitus. Intech, Rijeka, Pg no: 15-32.
- Torii K, Chiwata I (2007) Occlusal management for a patient with aural symptoms of unknown etiology: A case report. J Med Case Rep 1: 85.
- Torii K (2016) Occlusal analysis and management of a patient with vertigo: A case report. Clin Med Invest 2:1-3.
- Torii K (2019) Occlusal analysis and management for a patient with low-frequency hearing loss and ear fullness: A case report. Clin Med Invest 4: 1-3.
- Torii K, Chiwata I (2005) Relationship between habitual occlusal position and flat bite plane induced occlusal position in volunteers with and without temporomandibular joint sounds. Cranio 23: 16-21.
Citation:Torii K (2019) Ear Symptoms and Malocclusion. J Otolaryng Head Neck Surg 5: 029.
Copyright: © 2019 Kengo Torii, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.