Journal of Physical Medicine Rehabilitation & Disabilities Category: Medical Type: Research Article
Impact of Prolonged Periods Classroom Settings in Increase Intra-Abdominal Fat Area and its Consequence on Posture/Balance Control among Algerian Childhood College Preparatory School
- Zerf Mohammed1*
- 1 Physical Education Institute Laboratory Opaps, University Of Mostaganem, Mostaganem 27000, Algeria
*Corresponding Author:Zerf Mohammed
Physical Education Institute Laboratory Opaps, University Of Mostaganem, Mostaganem 27000, Algeria
Received Date: Nov 19, 2016 Accepted Date: Feb 27, 2017 Published Date: Mar 13, 2017
MethodologyOur intervention in this comparative study aimed to examine impact of prolonged period’s classroom settings in Intra-abdominal fat area and it’s consequence on posture/balance control among Algerian childhood preparatory schools. For the purpose, a total of 61 school boys of slimane provinces Naama, municipality Mecheria, Algeria male gender their average age 5±1.52 years distributed into two homogeneous groups, according to them, school attendance (kindergarten School (29 boys) - preschool (32 boys)). Tested by saving tests (Body Fat Percentage-Abdominal Circumference - Modified Bass Test of Dynamic Balance and Standing Balance).
ResultsBased on the analysis statistics, we confirm:
• Prolonged periods classroom settings increase physical inactivity which lead to Intra-Abdominal Fat representing big risk posture/balance control in the case of our preschool.
• Preschool posture needs an interactive play method Learning classroom to improve body imbalance as health benefits physical activities.
Discussion and Conclusion
Based on the differences acquired by the research team, we report that prolonged periods classroom settings among preschool increase the body fat related to the intra-abdominal, which owing to the weakness of skeletal muscle fatigue and abnormal pathological alignment. While as a recommendation pedagogy practised, we suggested to our teachers, who work with these children to know that learn through play and active learning increase the balanced posture which requires more energy in the class, seen our children seat more than 8 hours a day, 40 per week, and 160 per month 1440 per year in Algerian primary schools, which represent 83.33% inactive time during their school year.
Based on the indication which underlines that the human spine was not designed to be sat  for the number of hours , where the major back problems are compounded to long hours of sitting  the case of the Algerian school children. From the proofs, our questions in the actual study upon on time good classroom settings as a qualitative pedagogical procedure for classroom discipline  vs reduced child play time at school  and outside . Where these procedures are not in conformity with the instructions qualitative of educational programs for children in preschool and kindergarten were the play is the centre of the curriculum , which has been shown to help children adjust to the school setting and even to enhance their readiness to learn .
On its foundations, the current study supports the Pedagogical practice which includes activity setting  that allow the school kids to be active and release energy before activities that require children to sit still . While to achieve this goal for future analytical studies, in one hand, we exclude the effect of sex and the impact of the standard of living (nutrition and health) on data, all subjects are youngster male choice of the working class with a good salaried. Where on other, we based on two age schooling difference formations, the College Preparatory School (CPS) as preschool and kindergarten class. Where the contexts and the procedures are consisting in environmental planning learning among the Algerian college preparatory school.
Measurements of standing balance
Figure 1: Shows the test to evaluate the ability to maintain a state of equilibrium in a static position.
• Warm dry location - gym
• An assistant
• How to conduct the test
• The pupil stands comfortably on both feet with their hands on their hips
• The pupil lifts the right leg, places the sole of the right foot against the side of the left kneecap and close both eyes
• The assistant gives the command “GO”, starts the stopwatch and the pupil raises the heel of the left foot to stand on their toes
• The pupil is to hold this position for as long as possible
• The assistant stops the stopwatch when the pupil’s left heel touches the ground or the right foot moves away from the left knee
• The assistance records the time
Modified bass test of dynamic balance
• As a modification, we remove five seconds before jumping to the next square. Where a child takes his necessary time to jump to the next square.
Child body fat % = (1.51 × BMI) − (0.70 × Age) − (3.6 × sex) + 1.4 [24,25]
Table 1: Shows the anthropometric characteristics and standing balance variables in sample.
Through Independent T sample t-test all analysed between Anthropometric variables (Age - Weight - Height) are not significant at p ≤ 0.05 in the opposite of BFP - WC and both balance tests as string lamb and coordinative posture thought table 2. All correlation between both balance tests and anthropometric variables BFP - Weight - WC is a strong negative.
Through the results in table 1 and table 2 we confirm:
Prolonged periods classroom settings increase the body fat and expansion the waistlinedue to intra-abdominal fat accumulate from physical inactive the case of preschool causing postural deformities and spinal problems  as abnormal posture, muscle imbalance  and imbalance coordination movement  report in balance testing [29,30] in the actual study.
Table 2: Shows the correlations between the variables and balance string lamb posture.
Therefore, abnormalities in alignment can reflect changes in the alignment of one body part to another or in alignment with the center of mass relative to the base of support [37,38], which reduce the stability and, muscle coordination, control of movement, balance, and awareness of body position  since the approves, the current study endorse that preschool and young elementary school children need daily activities to exercise their large muscles to help them to develop their fine motor  based on physical activity  which is a key health and Fitness that toddlers should accumulate at least 30 minutes daily of structured physical activity and preschoolers at least 60 minutes daily and both need at least 60 minutes daily. However, this practice is absent in algerian preparatory schools  where our scholar children are spending a lot of time seated at an excessive learning activities, or home learning  which affect them shape of muscles, deform them skeleton, and cause abnormal development, whom prohibit the maintenance of them correct posture  seen as excess in joint angle/posture according to Allan Menezes , that requires sufficient strength and coordination in their torso to keep their bodies in balance accordance to Marc H. Bornstein , and the level of muscular tension accord to Craig Williamson , and Zerf Mohammed .
Through the results and background reference, our results line with evidence:
• Being overweight or obese during these periods (childhood) is a critical development, which affects the balance, movement ability and postural control ability , due to excess body weight , supported by the spine .
• Sitting as quality life style limited mobility, developed abnormal pathological alignment with chronically poor posture  in the likelihood of this condition in later years (fatigue, pain, muscular tension and poor muscle tone) .
While as a recommendation pedagogy practiced, we suggested to our teachers who work with these children to know that learn through play and active learning increase the balanced posture and weight gain requires more energy in the classroom , where the gymnastic as PE activities develop children’s strength, balance, speed, suppleness, stamina and core body skills, as well as posture balance and harmony of the body through core muscle, stabilized posture to make the right posture [55,56] which request more than 15-20 min to performing body alignment  as practice in preparatory schools . As intervention pedagogic, view our educational system; we subject the activity breaks in the educational setting as a solution, which has actually been shown to increase academic performance and positively affect children’s attention in the similar studies [59-61]. Also as teaching method and strategy, we propose the use of role play as active learning method which provides a high degree of student participation and mobility in the classroom [62-63].
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Citation: Mohammed Z (2017) Impact of Prolonged Periods Classroom Settings in Increase Intra-Abdominal Fat Area and its Consequence on Posture/Balance Control among Algerian Childhood College Preparatory School. J Phys Med Rehabil Disabil 3: 016.
Copyright: © 2017 Zerf Mohammed, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.