Journal of Animal Research & Veterinary Science Category: Agriculture Type: Research Article
An Experience with Zootherapy - Animal Assisted Therapy with Ponies
- Ana Stela Fonseca1*
- 1 Specialist In Traditional Chinese Medicine, Riding Instructor, WATCVM Board Member, IVCA Member, Gainesville, United States
*Corresponding Author:Ana Stela Fonseca
Specialist In Traditional Chinese Medicine, Riding Instructor, WATCVM Board Member, IVCA Member, Gainesville, United States
Received Date: Jun 05, 2019 Accepted Date: Jul 17, 2019 Published Date: Jul 24, 2019
The relationship between humans and horses come from the early time. In the book Walking the Way of the Horse, Hallberg say that horses are evolving and changing-in partnership with humans and the needs of the time. She says that horses are magnificent creatures that offer a unique window in our souls and if we hope to develop the kind of integrity that leads to meaningful and lasting change with our horses then whatever we hope to do for the horse we must first create within ourselves. In other words, “healer, heal thyself” [4-6].
In a work made in Cadiz University-Spain shows that Animal Assisted Therapy can improve body conditions in relax the pression, make better the cardiovascular system, motor function e enhance the physical and mental health. The psychological and mental aspects and self-estimated have an improvement otherwise a diminished of stress, anxiety and solitudes make a better relaxing of the all patient. In the social aspects, the patients show a better relation with the others, sociability and health care. There is an improvement in verbal communication, memory capacity, concentration, responsibility and their own perception about the size, tall and form. Although promotes a better experience when work in a group, an interaction with others, at receptivity, desire to make sports, the sense of utility and the capacity to control the expression of feelings. Promote entertainment with a good distraction that animals make to the people .
In Brazil, the only therapy with animals that is recognized is hypnotherapy that provides support for the person with Down syndrome, Autism and Cerebral Palsy. Animal Assisted Therapy or other type of therapy with animals is still growing up with no Federal regulations or local associations. Many Equine Assisted Therapy papers talk about the relevance of the therapy in emotional regulation, which may play a significant role in the maintenance of several psychological problems including eating, self-harms suicide and low self-esteem .
In Animals Classification: Animals have been differentiated and classified based on their work tasks and service use, with six functional categories of animals identified: Service animals; public service animals; therapy animals; visitation animals; sporting, recreational, or agricultural animals; and support. In the nomenclature of Parenti et al., service animals are trained to perform tasks related to an individual’s disability, such as a seeing-eye dog or seizure-alert dog. Public service animals are trained to assist public service professionals in their jobs, such as search-and-rescue dogs or police dogs. Therapy animals assist a healthcare professional in a therapeutic treatment. Physical therapists, occupational therapists, nurses, and other professionals may integrate therapy animals into their practice. Visitation animals are trained to provide comfort through interactions and can be found in nursing homes or schools. Sporting, recreational, or agricultural animals are trained in skills for competition, farm work, or socioemotional benefits of AAT for recreation. Examples of these types of animals include hunting dogs and agility dogs. Support animals provide physical or mental support to those in need in their homes; they are known as social therapy dogs or home-help dogs.
This paper have the objective to show how much important and useful can be the utilization of horses-ponies for help in the treatment of child with cancer and others chronic disease. In our situation, questions as logistic and pony transportation are very much minimize just for the position of the two entities be in front of each other. In this project, we use ponies from Brazilian Pony Club located in Brazilian Hipic Society in Rio de Janeiro, which is located beside the public hospital, Federal Lagoon Hospital where there is a huge an important garden of Burle Marx.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
In the picture below is possible to see the facial expression of one child in her first contact with a pony in Zootherapy. Her expression is tense, thigh, closed she had been treated for cancer and was at control time (Figures 1-4).
Figure 3: Other important moment is when some children can go to the garden; see the ponies when doing chemotherapy.
- Pereira da costa L (2005) Atlas do Esporte no Brasil, Shape Editora e Promoções Ltda, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
- Zooterapia (2017) Universidad de Cádiz, Espanha. Pg No: 10-14.
- Carlsson C, Ranta DN, Traeen B (2014) Equine assisted social work as a mean for authentic relations between clients and staff. Human Animal Interaction Bulletin 2: 19-38.
- Hallberg L (2008) Walking the Way of the Horse, Universe Inc, New York Bloomington, USA.
- Digard JP (1998) Les Français et leurs animaux, Comptes Rendus, Fayard, Paris, Pg No: 161-164.
- Anderson MK, Friend TH, Evans JW, Bushong DM (1999) Behavioural assessment of horses in therapeutic programs. Appl Anim Behav Sci 63: 11-24.
- Hausberger M, Roche H, Henry S, Visser EK (2008) A review of the human–horse relationship. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 109: 1-24.
- Smith AV, Proops L, Grounds K, Wathan J, McComb K (2016) Functionally relevant responses to human facial expressions of emotion in the domestic horse (Equus caballus), Biol Lett 12.
- Hamilton AJ (2011) Zen Mind, Zhen Horse: The Science and Spirituality of Working with Horses. Stoney Publishing. California, USA.
- Bruzek CE (2014) Socioemotional Benefits of Animal-Assisted Occupational Therapy with Children: A Review of the Literature and Directions for Future Research. University of South Florida St. Petersburg, Florida, USA.
- Corthay A (2014) Does the Immune System Naturally Protect Against Cancer? Front Immunol 5: 197.
Citation:Fonseca AS (2019) An Experience with Zootherapy - Animal Assisted Therapy with Ponies. J Anim Res Vet Sci 3: 018.
Copyright: © 2019 Ana Stela Fonseca, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.