Journal of Environmental Science Current Research Category: Environmental science Type: Review Article

Global Warming will Stop, If Developed Countries Stop NOx and NP Eliminations

Shoichiro Ozaki1*
1 The Institute Of Physical And Chemical Research, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wokoshi Saitama, Japan

*Corresponding Author(s):
Shoichiro Ozaki
The Institute Of Physical And Chemical Research, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wokoshi Saitama, Japan
Tel:+81 0467670991,
Email:ozaki-0991@jcom.zaq.ne.jp

Received Date: Apr 08, 2020
Accepted Date: Apr 21, 2020
Published Date: Apr 28, 2020

Abstract

Carbon dioxide CO2 increasing 2 ppm yearly, since developed countries started elimination of NOx and elimination of NP. Global warming is happening by the decrease of CO2 assimilation from insufficient supply of NP fertilizer. Developed countries hated NOx and NP and are eliminating NOx and N, P. About 6 billion tone NOx in burned gas is eliminated by ammonia. About 2 billion tone NP in waste water is eliminated by activated sludge process using much electricity. CO2 assimilation is retarded by insufficient supply of NP. Plankton growth is retarded. CO2 fix is retarded. Developing countries do not eliminate NOx and NP. Then CO2 assimilation is activated. These countries are keeping high GDP increase rate. If developed countries stop eliminations of NOx and NP, CO2 assimilation will be activated. CO2 increase will stop. Production of grain and fish will increase. DGP will increase and global warming will stop.

Keywords

CO2 assimilation; GWPR; NO; NOx elimination; NP elimination; Protection of global warming

INTRODUCTION

The earth is warming by the increase of burning of fossil. In the world, 140 billion tone fossils are burned. Three times of CO2 420 billion tone CO2 and 16.8 billion tone NOx (mixture of 90 % NO and 10 % NO2) are produced. Almost 100% of produced CO2 is converted to carbohydrate (later fossil) by CO2 assimilation.

Global warming protection ratio (GWPR) = produced CO2/ fixed CO2 

Cause of global warming is said to be increase of CO2. CO2 is increasing 2 ppm annually. 

About 140 billion tone CO2 is remaining un assimilated. CO2 assimilated CO2 is 280 billion tone. GWPR = 420/280 = 1.55 we can decrease GWPR by decrease of produced CO2 or by increase of fixed CO2. To increase fixed CO2, acceleration of CO2 assimilation by increasing the supply of NP. Developed 7 countries wish to provide clean water and clean air and eliminated NOx and NP. By these eliminating procedure, supply of NP is retarded, CO2 assimilation is retarded and growth of plant is retarded and production of food like grain and fish is retarded, DGP increase is stopped and countries are declining [1-38]. 

NOx should be released as it is 

NOx is playing very important role for CO2 assimilation, growth of plant and plankton, climate control [39-56]. But developed countries are eliminating NOx by ammonia by the reaction. 

4 NO + 4NH3 + O2 ———> 4N2 + 6 H2O —— (1) 

The reaction (1) is elimination of one fertilizer by other one fertilizer. This is tremendous loss of precious resources. This reaction is causing global warming. This reaction should not be done. 

Since this reaction was carried out, Seto inland sea, Japan changed dramatically. Transparency of sea increased. Turbidity by plankton disappeared. Eel glass disappeared. Fis, sell and sea weed production decreased. Fish production of the world increased at developing countries that do not do NOx elimination like China, India and Indonesia. But fish production of developed countries decreased since NOx elimination. 

Waste water should be dumped as it is 

Developed countries are eliminating NP in waste water. In Japan 2200 waste water clean center were build 117.8 billion kWh electricity (1.16 % of total electricity 10080billion kWh) were used for the operation of this center. For the production of 117.8 billion kWh electricity, 600 thousand tone fuels were burned. If we stop waste water purification. 600 x 3 = 1600 thousand tone CO2 emissions are saved. By the operation of this center, Emission of 44.8 thousand tone N and 17.5 thousand tone P is lost. By the elimination of NOx and NP, Fish production of Japan decreased from 12 million tone of 1975 to 2.5 million tone after 1980. Because of decrease of NP concentration of sea water, plankton cannot grow and fish, cell, sea weed cannot grow. Fish cat 20 times plankton. Plankton grows by eating same weight CO2

By elimination of NP, 12 x 20 = 240 million tone CO2 fix is lost. If Japan stop NOx, NP elimination and increase NP concentration increase and 2.4 billion plankton grow and 2.4 billion tone CO2 is fixed and 12 million tons fish will be produced [13,14,21,31-38]. 

Bon fire is recommend 

Slash and burn agriculture is carried out for many thousand years in the world. Wood is burned and wood turn to the field which can produce crops. Ash produced by burning is said to be effective substance. But main effective substance is NOx [35]. When tree 1000 tone is burned, 1000/ 25 = 40 tone NOx is produced. And 40 tone NOx can grow 40 x 25 = 1000 tone plant [35]. In Japan, 3 billion tone garbage is collected and burned at high temperature incinerator to produce 0.12 billion tone NOx. This NOx is eliminated by ammonia. 

In Japan very special law about the garbage incinerator was set up in 2002 by the reason much NOx is produced at lower temperature. By this rule, incinerator must be burned at higher temperature than 800 °C by adding excess fuel to keep higher temperature. Corrugated carton and fallen leaves must be burned at high temperature incinerator. Bon fire is inhibited by the reason bon fire produce much NOx. Burning of rice straw?wheat straw is not possible. Big earth quake and tsunami happened in east Japan in 2011. Debris disposal was not allowed to burn on site. Debris disposal must transfer to far away district having high temperature incinerator consuming much fuel and money. Operation of this high temperature incinerator is using much excess fuel releasing much CO2

Garbage, waste wood, fallen leave, straw should be burned on site producing much fertilizer NOx. Bon fir inhibition rule should be abandoned. 

Method to fit Paris agreement 

510 billion tone CO2 are now producing in the world. To fix so much CO2, promote plant growth and increases of CO2 fix are essential. 

Plant has C/N = 25/1 composition in average. As one molecule N combine with 25 molecules CO2, supply of 510/25 = 20.5 billion tone N is essential. To supply N, NOx should be released to air as it is. NOx is produced 16.8 billion tone. In waste water, estimated 10 billion tone NP are contained. From these NOx,NP, 7 developed countries are eliminating 6 billion tone NOx and 4 billion tone NP. 

To stop the increase of CO2, to accelerate CO2 assimilation, 7 developed countries should stop NOx elimination stop NP elimination and do bon fire. Then (6+ 4) x 25 = 250 billion tone CO2 can be fixed. CO2 emission and fix become equal and GWPR (Global Warming Protection Ratio) become 1 and fit Paris agreement [5,7,10,16, 19,22,24,29,31- 38]. 

Comparison of NOx, NP elimination countries and no NOx, NP elimination countries 

 Developing countries like China, India do not eliminate NOx and NP and release as it is. Electricity price is low. CO2 assimilation is activated. Production of agriculture and fish industry increase. GDP is increasing 6% for 40 consecutive years. China use 106 billion tone CO2 and 4 billion tone NOx effectively and increased fish production to 81.53 million tone. 

India use 1billion tone NOx effectively and grain production increased 5 times in 1950—>2010. Population increased 3.8 billion to 12.5 billion in 1951→2014. On the contrary, 7 developed countries are eliminating NOx, NP and CO2 assimilation is depressed production of grain and fish is depressed. GDP growth rate is low. GWPR is high. Japan is doing NOx, NP elimination most severely. 8 million tone fish production is lost yearly. Fish price is 10 $ /Kg. Japan is losing 0.08 billion $. 6.7 million $ per person. GDP growth rate increased only 1.6 % from 1985 to 2017 the country who use NOx NP are growing and increasing population. The country who eliminate NOx, NP are declining and decreasing population [32]. 

 CO2 em (CO2 emission), CO2 fix, CO2 em/p (CO2 emission per person), NOx con (NOx concentration at exit gas), W dump (Wastewater dumping), GWPR (global warming protection ratio), GDP (GDP increase ratio) of 11 countries are shown in table 1. 

Country

CO2 em

CO2 fix

CO2 em/p

NOx con

W Dump

GWPR

GDP

 

bill t

bill t

tone

g/kWh

   

inc ratio

World

510

370

         

China

106

100

8

1.6

do

1

6.9

India

24.6

24.6

1.9

1.6

do

1

7.1

Indonesia

5

5

2.1

1.6

do

1

5.2

USA

51

51

19.1

0.5

no

1

1.48

Japan (2018)

12.5

3.8

8.9

0.1

no

3.3

1.03

(1980)

5.5

5.5

3.1

1.6

do

1

7

Russia

19.6

19.6

 

0.61

 

1

0,8

Germany

7.8

3.5

8.9

0.31

no

2.2

1.83

U. K

4

2.4

5.6

1.3

no

1.7

1.8

Italy

3.5

3

5.8

0.5

no

1.2

0.88

France

3.3

3.3

5

 

no

1

1.2

Canada

5.6

5.6

18

1,3

no

1

1.44

Table 1: CO2 em (internet), CO2 fix [21], CO2 em/p(internet) , CO2 con (CO2 concentration of exit gas) [19], GWPR = CO2 em/ CO2 fix, GDP (internet). 

Japan, Germany, UK and Italy are narrow and they cannot fix CO2 produced at their countries. GWPR is over 1. These countries are surrounded by sea. They can fix CO2 by plankton CO2 assimilation by increase of NP concentration of sea. NOx, NP elimination should be stopped 

Japan should stop NOx, NP elimination and should not inhibit bon fir 

Japan is criticized as producing much CO2.Japan producing much CO2 for electricity generation for elimination of NOx, NP. Japan established very severe law. Every factory must eliminate NOx by NH3 to less than 0.1 g/kWh. Japan eliminates NP in waste water purification center completely using much electricity. Japan producing 12.5 billion tone CO2 and criticized as most CO2 increasing country .Wood and agriculture field can fix 1000 tone CO2 per 1 Km2. Japan land is 3.8 x 105 km2. Fixable CO2 at Japan is 3.5 x 105 x 1000= 3.8 billion tone. Japan increasing 12.5-3.8 = 8.7 billion tone CO2

GWPR of Japan is 12.5/3.8= 3.3. Japan is using 28 million tone NH3 for the elimination of NOx. 11 million tone butane is used for the preparation of NH3 and generating 33 million tone CO2. Japan also using 118 billion kWh electricity for water purification [35]. If Japan stop NOx, NP elimination, CO2 emission will be reduced to 12.5-1-1= 10.6 billion tone. By using 0.5 billion tone NOx, 0.5x 25= 12.5 billion tone CO2 can be fixed. GWPR will decrease to 10.5/ 12.5 = 0.84. This value is fit to Paris agreement.

CONCLUSION

Promotion of CO2 assimilation by stopping NOx and NP elimination is easy way to protect global warming. If developed countries stop NOx, NP elimination, CO2 assimilation is promoted, CO2 does not increase. Grain and fish production increase. GDP increase and global warming will stop.

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Citation: Ozaki S (2020) Global Warming will Stop, If Developed Countries Stop NOx and NP Eli-minations. J Environ Sci Curr Res 3: 022.

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