Overall 
Men 
Women 
Significance 

(n = 309) 
(n = 152) 
(n = 157) 

Mean (SD) 
Mean (SD) 
Mean (SD) 
p 

Age (years) 
52.9 (17.7) 
53.9 (18.4) 
51.9 (17.1) 
0.315 
Height (cm) 
172.4 (9.9) 
178.8 (8.1) 
166.2 (7.1) 
≤ 0.001 
Weight (kg) 
76.1 (15.0) 
83.0 (13.6) 
69.4 (13.3) 
≤ 0.001 
Forearm length (cm) 
26.7 (2.1) 
28.0 (1.6) 
25.3 (1.5) 
≤ 0.001 
Thinnest forearm circumference (cm) 
17.8 (1.5) 
18.6 (1.3) 
17.0 (1.3) 
≤ 0.001 
Distance till distal wrist crease (cm)* 
3.9 (0.9) 
4.0 (0.9) 
3.7 (0.8) 
0.006 
Thickest forearm circumference (cm) 
26.7 (2.6) 
28.3 (2.0) 
25.1 (2.1) 
≤ 0.001 
Distance till distal wrist crease (cm)** 
20.3 (1.8) 
21.3 (1.4) 
19.3 (1.4) 
≤ 0.001 
Hand length (cm) 
18.4 (1.2) 
19.3 (1.0) 
17.7 (0.9) 
≤ 0.001 
Hand width (cm) 
8.5 (0.7) 
9.0 (0.5) 
8.0 (0.4) 
≤ 0.001 
* In relation to the location of the thinnest forearm circumference 

** In relation to the location of the thickest forearm circumference 
Men 
Women 
Difference 
95% CI of the Difference 
Significance 

Mean (SD) 
Mean (SD) 
Mean 
Lower Bound 
Upper Bound 
P 

Grip strength (kg) 
43.0 (9.8) 
26.4 (6.1) 
16.7 
18.5 
14.8 
≤ 0.001 
Pinch strength (kg) 
9.7 (1.8) 
6.3 (1.3) 
3.4 
3.7 
3.0 
≤ 0.001 
Uncorrected Effect 
Significance 
Corrected Effect 
Significance 

B* (95% CI) 
p 
B* (95% CI) 
p 

Age (years) 
0.165 
≤ 0.001 
0.134 
≤ 0.001 
(0.236 to 0.094) 
(0.185 to 0.082) 

Sex (man/woman) 
16.648 
≤ 0.001 
8.506 
≤ 0.001 
(14.830 to 18.466) 
(5.978 to 11.035) 

Height (cm) 
0.796 
≤ 0.001 
0.262 
0.001 
(0.698 to 0.894) 
(0.108 to 0.416) 

Weight (kg) 
0.358 
≤ 0.001 
0.203 
0.001 
(0.281 to 0.435) 
(0.319 to 0.087) 

Forearm length (cm) 
3.505 
≤ 0.001 
0.163 
0.660 
(3.013 to 3.997) 
(0.890 to 0.565) 

Thinnest forearm circumference (cm) 
3.249 
≤ 0.001 
0.635 
0.264 
(2.476 to 4.022) 
(1.752 to 0.482) 

Distance till distal wrist crease (cm)** 
0.020 
0.980 
0.367 
0.477 
(1.522 to 1.562) 
(1.383 to 0.648) 

Thickest forearm circumference (cm) 
2.895 
≤ 0.001 
2.445 
≤ 0.001 
(2.506 to 3.284) 
(1.651 to 3.240) 

Distance till distal wrist crease (cm)*** 
3.425 
≤ 0.001 
0.077 
0.825 
(2.784 to 4.065) 
(0.762 to 0.608) 

Hand length (cm) 
5.933 
≤ 0.001 
0.944 
0.129 
(5.102 to 6.764) 
(0.278 to 2.166) 

Hand width (cm) 
10.121 
≤ 0.001 
0.365 
0.738 
(8.645 to 11.597) 
(1.780 to 2.510) 

* Regression coefficient 

** In relation to the location of the thinnest forearm circumference 

*** In relation to the location of the thickest forearm circumference 
Uncorrected Effect 
Significance 
Corrected Effect 
Significance 

B* (95% CI) 
p 
B* (95% CI) 
p 

Age (years) 
0.006 
0.443 
0.010 
0.054 
(0.020 to 0.009) 
(0.021 to 0.000) 

Sex (man/woman) 
3.378 
≤ 0.001 
1.719 
≤ 0.001 
(3.032 to 3.724) 
(1.201 to 2.237) 

Height (cm) 
0.139 
≤ 0.001 
0.017 
0.300 
(0.118 to 0.160) 
(0.015 to 0.048) 

Weight (kg) 
0.076 
≤ 0.001 
0.055 
≤ 0.001 
(0.061 to 0.091) 
(0.079 to 0.032) 

Forearm length (cm) 
0.666 
≤ 0.001 
0.027 
0.723 
(0.567 to 0.765) 
(0.122 to 0.176) 

Thinnest forearm circumference (cm) 
0.852 
≤ 0.001 
0.210 
0.072 
(0.713 to 0.990) 
(0.019 to 0.439) 

Distance till distal wrist crease (cm)** 
0.226 
0.142 
0.002 
0.986 
(0.076 to 0.529) 
(0.210 to 0.206) 

Thickest forearm circumference (cm) 
0.610 
≤ 0.001 
0.458 
≤ 0.001 
(0.538 to 0.683) 
(0.296 to 0.621) 

Distance till distal wrist crease (cm)*** 
0.620 
≤ 0.001 
0.061 
0.389 
(0.490 to 0.749) 
(0.202 to 0.079) 

Hand length (cm) 
1.223 
≤ 0.001 
0.356 
0.005 
(1.065 to 1.382) 
(0.106 to 0.606) 

Hand width (cm) 
2.190 
≤ 0.001 
0.056 
0.803 
(1.918 to 2.462) 
(0.495 to 0.383) 

* Regression coefficient 

** In relation to the location of the thinnest forearm circumference 

*** In relation to the location of the thickest forearm circumference 
Sex (n) 
Dominant Hand 
NonDominant Hand 
Significance 
95% Confidence Interval 

Mean (SD) 
Mean (SD) 
p 
Lower Bound 
Upper Bound 

Grip strength (kg) 
Men (25) 
38.6 (8.5) 
38.4 (7.5) 
0.839 
1.56 
1.91 
Women (25) 
24.8 (5.5) 
23.0 (5.4) 
0.009 
0.49 
3.08 

Pinch strength (kg) 
Men (25) 
9.1 (1.6) 
8.8 (1.4) 
0.240 
0.19 
0.72 
Women (25) 
6.4 (1.33) 
6.1 (1.2) 
0.043 
0.01 
0.55 
Normal Pinch Strength (kg) 
Fixed Pinch Strength (kg) 
Significance 
95% Confidence Interval 

Mean (SD) 
Mean (SD) 
p 
Lower Bound 
Upper Bound 

Men (n = 38) 
10.2 (1.8) 
6.4 (1.4) 
≤ 0.001 
3.28 
4.33 
Women (n = 53) 
6.3 (1.2) 
3.8 (1.3) 
≤ 0.001 
2.23 
2.91 
Citation: Gachette RE, Lauwers T (2018) Grip & Pinch Strength in Relation to Anthropometric Data in Adults. J Orthop Res Physiother 4: 039.
Copyright: © 2018 Roderick Gachette, et al. This is an openaccess article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.