Journal of Animal Research & Veterinary Science Category: Agriculture Type: Case Report
Guinea Pig Laparoscopic Ovariectomy Using Two Portal Sites: 3-mm and 5-mm
- Angelo E. Tapia-Araya1*, Isabel Tejedor Sanz2, Jesus Villalobos Gómez3
- 1 Veterinary Surgeon At Laparoendovet, Mobile Laparoscopy And Endoscopy Service, Barcelona, Spain
- 2 Veterinary Center Prat De Cunit, Veterinarian At Laparoendovet, Tarragona, Spain
- 3 Hospital Veterinario Del Valle, Endoscopy And Minimal Invasive Surgery, Universidad Nacional Autónoma De México, Mexico City, Mexico
*Corresponding Author:Angelo E. Tapia-Araya
Veterinary Surgeon At Laparoendovet, Mobile Laparoscopy And Endoscopy Service, Barcelona, Spain
Received Date: Jun 05, 2019 Accepted Date: Jun 14, 2019 Published Date: Jun 21, 2019
CASE REPORT DESCRIPTION
The animal was classified as ASA class I (American Society of Anesthesiologists). It was premedicated  with medetomidine (Doctor; Norvet, Spain), 0.3 mg/kg Body Weight (BW), IM; butorphanol (Torbugesic 1%; Zoetis, Spain), 1 mg/kg BW, IM and alfaxan (Alfaxan 10mg/ml; Jurox; Crawley; UK) 1 mg/kg BW, IM. Marbofloxacin (Marbocyl 10%; Vetoquino; Spain), 4 mg/kg BW, SC and meloxicam (Metacam; Boehringer Ingelheim, Barcelona, Spain) 0.5 mg/kg BW, 30 minutes before surgery. The patient was maintained under general anesthesia using isofluorane (Isofluorano DCI 100%, Inibsa, Spain) in 100% oxygen (Figures 1-2).
Total surgical time from the access to the removal of the second ovary and closure of incisions was 24 minutes. The guinea pig woke up 10 minutes after the surgery was finished and immediately food was offered to avoid hypoglycemia. The patient was maintained in the hospital and kept warm until full recovery. Six hours later, it was taken home. The wound was cleaned every day with saline solution 0.9% and no infection was seen. Post-surgery medication was meloxicam (Metacam; Boehringer Ingelheim, Barcelona, Spain) 0.5 mg/kg BW and enrofloxacino (Baytril 25 mg/ml, Bayer Hispania, Barcelona) 5 mg/kg BW bid 5 days. The owner reported the animal was active, eating and drinking that same night and the following days (Figures 4-6).
Figure 4: Image of the ovaries post-surgery.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION
Guinea pigs as rodents can easily become hypothermic, so it is essential to provide supplementary heat during and after the surgery . If the recovery is prolonged, dehydration and hypoglycemia can happen. The short surgical time and the minimal invasion of the procedure helped to avoid these possible complications.
Among the advantages of laparoscopic surgery, we have decreased postoperative pain, rapid return to preoperative activity, decreased postoperative ileus, and preserved immune function in contrast to open surgery which can lead to infections, eviscerations, wound dehiscence, hemorrhage, among others . However, the cost of laparoscopy instruments, surgeon’s limited precision, poor ergonomics and shortage of learning curve are probable disadvantages to be considered .
A variety of methods for laparoscopic OVE with different numbers of portals have been described in veterinary medicine [8,9]. In order to enhance the feasibility and cosmetics of the techniques, two portals rather than three portals were chosen in the present study, as it was recommended previously.
In exotic species, the 2.7-mm telescope and 3-mm instrumentation are preferred for laparoscopic abdominal procedures in animals weighing less than 10 kg (e.g., many primates, felids, rabbits, and rodents)  making it less traumatic with minor incision. The 2.7-mm telescope significantly decreased the laparoscopic view but no complications were seen using the 2.7-mm 30° telescope.
We conclude that LapOve with two trocars is a minimally invasive technique that is feasible, safe and without postsurgical complications that could be considered as an alternative for the sterilization of female guinea pigs. Therefore, deeper studies should be carried out to evaluate this approach in clinical veterinary practice.
- Johnson D (2009) Essential exotic companion mammal surgeries. Proc Assoc Exot Mammal Vet 57-59.
- Eugster S, Schawalder P, Gaschen F, Boerlin P (2004) A prospective study of postoperative surgical site infections in dogs and cats. Vet Surg 33: 542-550.
- Kuo W, Ko J, Collins BR, Keegan RD (2001) Evaluation of anesthetic and cardiorespiratory effects of tiletamine-zolazepam-ketamine-xylazine-butorphanol and medetomidine-butorphanol-ketamine in guinea pigs. Vet Anaesth Analg 28: 107-108.
- Mora MC, Bittner KR, Wong KE, Moriarty KP, Tashjian DB, et al. (2017) Laparoscopic Pediatric Inguinal Hernia Repair: A Pilot Study in a Novel Guinea Pig Animal Model. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 27: 639-644.
- Olson ME, Bruce J (1986) Ovariectomy, ovariohysterectomy and orchidectomy in rodents and rabbits. Can Vet J 27: 523-527.
- Shariati E, Bakhtiari J, Khalaj A, Niasari-Naslaji A (2014) Comparison between two portal laparoscopy and open surgery for ovariectomy in dogs. Vet Res Forum 5: 219- 223.
- Amodeo A, Linares Quevedo A, Joseph JV, Belgrano E, Patel HR (2009) Robotic laparoscopic surgery: Cost and training. Minerva Urol Nefrol 61: 121-128.
- Tapia-Araya AE, Diaz-Guemes Martin-Portugues I, Bermejo LF, Sánchez-Margallo FM (2015) Laparoscopic ovariectomy in dogs: comparison between laparoendoscopic single-site and three-portal access. J Vet Sci 16: 525-530.
- Case JB, Marvel SJ, Boscan P, Monnet EL (2011) Surgical time and severity of postoperative pain in dogs undergoing laparoscopic ovariectomy with one, two, or three instrument cannulas. J Am Vet Med Assoc 239: 203-208.
- Divers SJ (2015) Endoscopic ovariectomy of exotic mammals using a three-port approach. Vet Clin North Am Exotic Animal Pract 18: 401-415.
Citation: Tapia-Araya AE, Sanz IT, Gómez JV (2019) Guinea Pig Laparoscopic Ovariectomy Using Two 3-mm and 5-mm Portal Sites. J Anim Res Vet Sci 3: 015.
Copyright: © 2019 Angelo E. Tapia-Araya, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.