Journal of Dentistry Oral Health & Cosmesis Category: Medical Type: Letter to the Editor

Inferio-parotid Transmasssetric Approach for Mandibular Subcondylar Fracture: A Novel Approach

Raheel Memon1, Shaheen Ahmed1, Abdul Hafeez Shaikh1, Syeda Adeena Hasan1, Sharjeel Chaudhry1* and Sidra Zaheer1
1 Dow international dental collage, DOW University of Health Science, Pakistan

*Corresponding Author(s):
Sharjeel Chaudhry
Dow International Dental Collage, DOW University Of Health Science, Pakistan

Received Date: Jan 23, 2023
Accepted Date: Feb 17, 2023
Published Date: Feb 24, 2023

Apropos to the article by Ramaj, Patil et al. [1] entitled "Variations in the retromandibular transparotid approach to the condyle-transparotid versus anteroparotid transmassetric- a prospective clinical comparative study," a few clarifications are in order. According to the author, the mandibular condylar processes are one of the most common sites of fracture in mandibular fractures [2]. The condylar fracture accounts for almost 20% to 50% of all maxillofacial fractures due to the thin neck and the location against a strong cranial base condyle, increasing the chances of fracture during load transfer. 

There is an inadequacy in this study since the authors stated that the surgical procedure for condylar neck and subcondylar fractures is still debated widely. Open-ended treatment of mandibular condyle fractures relies on accurate diagnosis, appropriate surgical approach, and minimizing severe osteosynthesis and broken condyle, which provides good results and immediate function compared to close reduction [3]. The closed reduction technique has been associated with closed weight loss and dysfunction, leading to complications such as facial nerve damage, mandibular asymmetry, trismus, ankylosis, and malocclusion. 

The authors mentioned in their review that extraoral surgical approaches to ORIF include preauricular, submandibular, retromandibular, and transmassetric anteroparotid approaches. Furthermore,the authors reported five cases who were treated with an inferioparotid transmassetric approach, respectively. Using this approach did not result in postoperative infection, haemorrhage, occlusal discrepancy, limited mouth opening, or facial nerve weakness. 

The advent of treatments aimed at alleviating joint trauma led Hinds and Girotti to introduce a new technique called retromandibular in 1967, which was later modified by Koberg and Mommain in 1978 5,6 D Agostino, Trevisiol et al. [4] providing access to treat condylar and subcondylar neck fractures and complications such as infection, Frey's syndrome, parotid fistula, and neurological damage [5]. Therefore, the ongoing review does not represent an effective approach with minimal postoperative complications. In light of this study, insight is gained into a central element of alleviating complications caused by low condylar fractures. Low condylar fractures treated conservatively can cause facial nerve and parotid gland damage. 

The incision begins 0.5cm below the ear lobe and continues inferiorly 3 to 3.5 cm to the posterior border of the mandible, extending below the mandible angle according to the amount of exposure. The incision is made through the skin and subcutaneous tissue. Subcutaneous dissection is performed above the layer of the SMAS (Superficial MusculoAponeurotic System) [6]. The angle between the mandible and the lower border of the parotid gland is identified. The platysma just below the angle of the mandible or lower border of the parotid gland is subsequently incised. In this procedure, the masseter fascia or muscle is incised [4]. Dissection of the ramus of the mandible is performed subperiosteally so that the condylar process can be exposed. 

It would be pragmatic to consider the above-mentioned prepositions in the review to obtain reliable conclusions regarding alleviating the complications of treating low condylar fractures through an inferioparotid transmassetric approach. 

Figure 1 arrow shows the area of the incision. Figure 2 arrow shows anatomic dissection showing the relationship of the retromandibular vein (RV) and inferior (+) and superior divisions (*) of the VII to the mandible. Note the space between the inferior and superior divisions of VII, through which the posterior border of the mandible can be approached. Figure 3 is a clinical picture showing the pterygomasseteric sling of patient. 

 Figure 1: Area of the Incision 

 Figure 2: Anatomic Dissection  

Figure 3: clinical picture of pterygomasseteric sling of patient

Author Contribution

Research concept and design: Dr. Raheel Memon

Collection and assembly of data: Dr. Raheel Memon, Dr. Syeda Adeena Hasan

Data analysis and interpretation: Sidra Zaheer

Writing the article: Dr. Adeena Hasan, Sharjeel Chaudhry

Critical revision of the article: Dr. Shaheen Ahmed, Dr. Abdul Hafeez Sheikh

Declaration of Conflicting Interests

The author(s) reported no relationship that could be construed as a conflict of interest.


The author received no financial support for this article's research, authorship and publication.


  1. Ramaraj PN, Patil V, Singh R, George A, Vijayalakshmi G, et al. (2020) Variations in the retromandibular approach to the condyle-transparotid versus anteroparotid transmasseteric–a prospective clinical comparative study. Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 121: 14-18.
  2. Imai T, Fujita Y, Motoki A, Takaoka H, Kanesaki T, et al. (2019) Surgical approaches for condylar fractures related to facial nerve injury: deep versus superficial dissection. International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 48: 1227-1234.
  3. Shi D, Patil PM, Gupta R (2015) Facial nerve injuries associated with the retromandibular transparotid approach for reduction and fixation of mandibular condyle fractures. Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery 43: 402-407.
  4. D'Agostino A, Trevisiol L, Procacci P, Favero V, Odorizzi S, et al. (2017) Is the retromandibular transparotid approach a reliable option for the surgical treatment of condylar fractures?. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 75: 348-356.
  5. Kanno T, Sukegawa S, Tatsumi H, Karino M, Nariai Y, et al. (2016) Does a retromandibular transparotid approach for the open treatment of condylar fractures result in facial nerve injury?. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 74: 2019-2032.
  6. Bhutia O, Kumar L, Jose A, Roychoudhury A, Trikha A (2014) Evaluation of facial nerve following open reduction and internal fixation of subcondylar fracture through retromandibular transparotid approach. British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 52: 236-240.

Citation: Memon R, Ahmed S, Shaikh AH, Hasan SA, Chaudhry S, et al. (2023) Inferio-parotid Transmasssetric Approach for Mandibular Subcondylar Fracture: A Novel Approach. J Dent Oral Health Cosmesis 8:21

Copyright: © 2023  Raheel Memon, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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